The Czech Republic: Basic Facts

GEOGRAPHY
Location: Central Europe, southeast of Germany
Geographic coordinates: 49 45 N, 15 30 E
Area: total: 78,866 sq km
Area – comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina
Land boundaries: border countries: Austria 466.3 km, Germany 810.3 km, Poland 761.8 km, Slovakia 251.8 km
Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
10 day weather forecast
Time Zone Czech Republic is in the Central European Time Zone. Central European Standard Time (CET) is 1 hour ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+1). time difference: 6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Elbe River 115 m
highest point: Snezka 1,602 m
Area – comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina
Land boundaries: border countries: Austria 466.3 km, Germany 810.3 km, Poland 761.8 km, Slovakia 251.8 km
PEOPLE
Population: 10,220,911
Ethnic groups:
Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)
Religions: Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census). More about religion in the Czech Republic here.
Languages: Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)
GOVERNMENT
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: name: Prague
geographic coordinates: 50 05 N, 14 28 E
Independence: 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia)
National holiday: Czech Founding Day, 28 October (1918)
Czech State Symbols: Czech Flag: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side.
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Large and Small Coat of Arms

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Flag of the Czech President

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National Anthem: the state anthem is the first verse of the song “Where is my home” composed by František Škroup to the lyrics by Josef Kajetán Tyl.

Capital: name: Prague
geographic coordinates: 50 05 N, 14 28 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Executive branch: chief of state: President
head of government: Prime Minister
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
elections: president elected by Parliament for a five-year term (eligible for a second term)
Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Senate or Senat (81 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Poslanecka Snemovna (200 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Constitutional Court; chairman and deputy chairmen are appointed by the president for a 10-year term
ECONOMY
GDP – per capita (PPP): $24,400 (2007 est.)
GDP – composition by sector: agriculture: 2.4%
industry: 39.7%
services: 57.9% (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate: 6.6% (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.6% (2007 est.)
Currency (code): Czech koruna – Kč (CZK)
Exchange rates: www.exchange.cz

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